This collection addresses the many issues in international finance and trade facing North American governments and industries. In his introduction, the editor challenges prevailing theories which maintain that the dollar's fall will alleviate America's balance of trade deficit. He also argues that the correlation between the value of the dollar and U.S. trade deficit with many countries is statistically insignificant and at any rate much weaker than existing theories maintain. Divided into eight parts analyzing the principal problems in international trade that will be faced in the 1990s, the work includes articles on currency markets and fluctuations; the international debt crisis; external borrowing; multi-national corporations; foreign direct investment in North America; and the North American Common Market.
This book resulted from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Electron Kinetics and Applications of Glow Discharges," held in St. Petersburg, Russia, on May 19-23, 1997. Glow discharges have found widespread applications in many technological processes from the manufacture of semiconductors, to recent developments in na- technology, to the traditional fields of gas lasers, and discharge lamps. Consequently, the interest in the physics of glow discharges has experienced yet another resurgence of interest. While the non-equilibrium character of glow discharges is widely accepted, the opinion still prevails that the main features can be captured by fluid models, and that kinetic treatments are only required for the understanding of subtle details. The erroneousness of this belief is demonstrated by the failure of fluid models to describe many basic features of glow discharges such as, for instance, electrode phenomena, striations, and collisionless heating effects. An adequate description of glow discharges thus has to be of kinetic nature.
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